To ensure uninterrupted gas supply to European consumers in peak demand periods or during gas transmission system maintenance, and in order to increase gas sales, Gazprom Group has adopted an underground gas storage (UGS) system development strategy. Potential storage facilities must be located close to pipelines used for natural gas transporting. As a rule, Gazprom Export builds UGS facilities in cooperation with local partners.

Between 2006 and 2019, Gazprom Export’s gas storage capacity in Europe increased from 1.4 to 8.7 bcm. In 2019, available capacity including short-term storage contracts amounted  to 11.7 bcm. 

Bergermeer (Netherlands)
Working gas volume 4.3 bcm
Jemgum (Germany)
Working gas volume 0.84 bcm
Etzel (Germany)
Working gas volume 1 bcm
Rehden (Germany)
Working gas volume 4.2 bcm
Katharina (Germany)
Working gas volume 0.47 bcm
Haidach (Austria)
Working gas volume 3.1 bcm
Dambořice (Czech Republic)
Working gas volume 0.32 bcm
Banatski Dvor (Serbia)
Working gas volume 0.45 bcm

Gazprom Group participated in underground gas storage projects in the countries along Russia’s main gas export routes:

  • WINGAS GmbH operates UGS facilities Rehden and Jemgum in Germany with total capacity of 4.2 bcm and 0.84 bcm, respectively. 
  • Gazprom Germania together with international partners is working on the Etzel UGS project with total active capacity of  nearly 1 bcm
  • Gazprom Export, WINGAS, and RAG Austria AG operate the Haidach UGS in Austria. Its active gas volume is nearly 3,1 bcm. The Haidach UGS is strategically important to Gazprom Group and ensures security of natural gas supply to the Baumgarten hub, as well as consumers in Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary, Austria, Germany, Slovakia and Italy.
  • Gazprom Export and VNG AG work on the Katharina UGS project in Germany. Its design daily output is 26 mcm with an active gas volume of about 650 mcm. At the moment, the available active volume is 470 mcm
  • In Serbia, Gazprom Group and Serbiagas have completed the Banatski Dvor UGS with active volume of 450 mcm. Gazprom owns 51% share of the project. This UGS facility ensures natural gas supply security for Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina. At the moment, project partners are also working on the Banatski Dvor UGS expansion up to 750 mcm
  • In the Netherlands, Gazprom has booked 1.9 bcm in the Bergermeer UGS, which was commissioned in 2014. Bergermeer is a strategically located UGS that ensures stable operation of the Nord Stream pipeline and gas supplies security; 
  • Together with Moravske naftove doly (MND) in the Czech Republic, Gazprom Export continues the development of the Dambořice UGS facility, which was commissioned in the summer of 2016. The active volume of the UGS is 325 mcm, while the maximal project capacity is 456 mcm. This project ensures the security of Russia’s natural gas supply via OPAL and Nord Stream pipelines. 

Gazprom Group is also conducting feasibility studies of potential participation in UGS projects in Austria, Slovakia, China and other countries.