Poland is the oldest buyer of Russian gas. The first small-scale volumes were supplied to Poland from late 1940-s. In recent years, Poland has ranked first in Eastern Europe in terms of Russian gas import volumes. In 2017, supply from Russia met 54% of Polish demand for gas.

As at January 1, 2017, around 313.9 bcm of natural gas had been sold in Poland, including 10.5 bcm in 2017, 389 mcm of this being fuel gas.

Natural gas supply to Poland and transit via its territory are covered by long-term contracts concluded under an Intergovernmental Agreement of August 25, 1993 on Russian gas supply to Poland and on the creation of a gas pipeline system for gas transit through Poland to Western Europe.

Polskie Gornictwo Naftowe i Gazownictwo (PGNiG) is Poland’s largest oil and gas company. It is involved in oil and gas field development, production, storage, and transmission of these primary energy products, construction and development of the national oil and gas transmission system, and gas imports and exports. The company was established as a state enterprise in 1982. In 1990, it was transformed into a  joint-stock company. 

EuRoPol GAZ, a Russian-Polish joint venture, was established in 1993 to design, finance, and build gas transit pipeline systems on Polish territory. The company owns the 684-kilometer stretch of the Yamal – Europe gas pipeline that runs through Poland. Its capacity is around 33 bcm per year.

Related sections:
Gas motor fuel, Gas Transportation