Environmental Advantages of Natural Gas

At the COP21 conference on climate in Paris, the global community expressed its commitment to the reduction of harmful emissions into the atmosphere. Together with renewable energy sources, natural gas, being an environmentally friendly fuel, can play a significant role in the development of low-carbon economy of the future, and in achievement of targets stipulated at COP21.

The substitution of coal by natural gas in power generation can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions (“carbon footprint”) and pollutant emissions (“toxic footprint”): nitrogen oxides – by up to 32%, sulfur dioxide – by up to 99%, carbon monoxide – by up to 68%, ash and soot – by up to 100%, carbon dioxide – by up to 50%. In many regions of the world, use of gas can prevent smoke fog and impact positively on the environment and people’s health.

Natural gas can become a basis for the future low-carbon energy. Gazprom already performs practical projects to develop innovative technologies to product methane hydrogen mixes and hydrogen from natural gas without carbon dioxide emissions. 

Gasification of transport also offers good opportunities. It is estimated that using gas as  motor fuel can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 25-30% in comparison with petrol and diesel fuel. “Toxic footprint” of NGV for the whole production chain is three times smaller than by petrol-engine cars, and five times smaller than by diesel ones. More detailed information is in Gas Motor Fuel Section.


Compliance with Environmental Standards in Projects' Development

Gazprom pays much attention to environment protection issues while implementing its infrastructure projects to supply natural gas to its clients abroad. All in all, over €100 mln was invested within Nord Stream and Nord Stream 2 projects in studies of environment impact evaluation and in holding public hearings aimed at ensuring minimal environmental and social impact.

Close attention to environment protection is paid in implementation of TurkStream project as well. Gazprom has invested large amounts in engineering research and studies of routes and environment, to develop a project of a safe offshore gas pipeline. Part of this work is a preparation of environmental impact assessment reports for Russia and Turkey.

Environmental issues are extremely important in implementation of Power of Siberia gas pipeline project from Russia to China. To minimize the impact, Power of Siberia route is drafted to pass mainly over open wood and old fire sites. In addition, rapid-deployed self-propelled river crossings are used in the construction. Their advantages include absence of middle supports for a passage over a river, brook, or ravine, which is very important to preserve the eco-systems.

Authorities of China in the Five-Year Plan of Gas Industry Development confirmed that increase of natural gas share in the energy balance will be a key method to tackle the air pollution problem, and the gas should become ‘one of the major energy resources’. Significant part of new demand for imported natural gas in China can be met by Russian gas supply.